AN INVESTIGATION OF THE SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENTS OF SELECTED HIGH SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN ANKARA WITH REGARD TO TURKISH STANDARDS RELATED WITH ACCESSIBILITY
The main problem in this study is to create "as normal as possible" life opportunities for people with disabilities. The physical and social barriers that prevent their access to the social life and the provision of conditions for employment can only be achieved by ensuring the architectural designing of the buildings and their surrounding environments regarding the accessibility standards. Accessibility may be considered as “necessary” in private properties and is important that all houses and residential areas are accessible to people with disabilities. When it comes to services provided by the government in public buildings and public spaces, it must be considered as an “obligation” to be fully accessible. In this study, as an important part of public space, three public education buildings where students with special needs are educated in Ankara. Sincan Vocational and Technical High School (Example 1), Dikmen Nevzat Ayaz Vocational and Technical High School (Example 2), and Dikmen Vocational and Technical High School (Example 3), and their surrounding environments were evaluated by forms prepared regarding Turkish Standards TS 9111 (2011), TS 12576 (2012), related with accessibility using observation and analysis techniques based on the data collection method. The evaluation method used in this study relies on how much an existing condition of selected buildings exceed the optimal state of a fully accessible situation. This is done by determining the Accessibility Value Exceeding Coefficient (A.V.Ex.C). In order to achieve this, the General Accessibility Value (G.A.V) of a building must be divided in to the Sum of Answered Questions. (S.A.Q). As a result of evaluations of the existing condition of these buildings and their surrounding environments, primary problems and proposals for solutions to these problems were determined. With these solutions proposed, a more accessible public space can be achieved for the most adversely affected disabled population including the physically disabled, visually impaired and hearing-impaired groups.
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